POVERTY IDENTIFICATION: PRACTICE AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS IN VIETNAM

  • 31/03/2022
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Giới thiệu

TO IDENTIFY POOR HOUSEHOLDS, THE GOVERNMENT OF VIETNAM APPLIES A COMBINATION OF PROXY MEANS TESTS AND QUICK COLLECTION OF INCOME DATA. THIS PAPER EXAMINES HOW WELL THE GOVERNMENT’S POVERTY IDENTIFICATION REACHES THE REALLY POOR IN VIETNAM. IT IS FOUND THAT THERE IS A LARGE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE POVERTY RATE FOR PROVINCES AND DISTRICTS REPORTED BY THE GOVERNMENT AND THE RATES ESTIMATED USING EXPENDITURE AND INCOME DATA FROM INDEPENDENT HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS. THERE IS ALSO A LARGE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE POVERTY STATUS OF HOUSEHOLDS IDENTIFIED BY LOCAL AUTHORITIES AND THE POVERTY STATUS IDENTIFIED BY INCOME OR EXPENDITURE DATA. MORE THAN 50 PER CENT OF THE POOR HOUSEHOLDS IDENTIFIED BY LOCAL AUTHORITIES ARE NOT POOR IN TERMS OF INCOME OR EXPENDITURE MEASURES. A BETTER IDENTIFICATION APPROACH WOULD BE TO USE ONLY PROXY MEANS TESTS AND NOT INCOME DATA COLLECTED USING THE SIMPLE QUESTIONNAIRE. 2014 CRAWFORD SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY, THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY AND WILEY PUBLISHING ASIA PTY LTD.

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