ON THE CONDUCT OF MONETARY POLICY IN VIETNAM

  • 31/03/2022
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Giới thiệu

VIETNAM HAS THE HIGHEST INFLATION RATE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA (OVER 20PERCENT YEAR-ON-YEAR IN 2011). THIS PAPER EXAMINES THE EXTENT TO WHICH INFLATION IN VIETNAM IS DUE TO ITS CONDUCT OF MONETARY POLICY. IT IS ARGUED THAT, HAD THE CENTRAL BANK IMPLEMENTED POLICY ON A MORE TIMELY BASIS, INFLATION WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN AS HIGH AS IT WAS, BUT THE MORE FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEM IS THAT THE CENTRAL BANK DOES NOT HAVE THE TOOLS IT NEEDS TO CONDUCT MONETARY POLICY EFFECTIVELY. MONETARY POLICY IS FURTHER COMPLICATED BY VIETNAM’S EXCHANGE RATE POLICY. BY CHOOSING TO PEG THE CURRENCY AND MAINTAIN FAIRLY FREE CAPITAL MOBILITY, THE COUNTRY HAS ALL BUT GIVEN UP THE ABILITY TO PURSUE AN INDEPENDENT MONETARY POLICY. AS A CONSEQUENCE, THE CENTRAL BANK IS FORCED TO ATTEMPT TO STERILISE ITS FOREIGN EXCHANGE INTERVENTIONS, WHICH IT IS ILL-EQUIPPED TO DO. THE PAPER ARGUES THAT FINANCIAL SECTOR LIBERALISATION IS NEEDED NOT ONLY TO PROMOTE GROWTH BUT ALSO TO MAINTAIN MACROECONOMIC STABILITY. 2012 CRAWFORD SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY, THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY AND BLACKWELL PUBLISHING ASIA PTY LTD.

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