INSIGHTS INTO VIETNAMESE CULTURE OF GENDER AND FACTORS HINDERING ACADEMIC WOMEN’S ADVANCEMENT TO LEADERSHIP POSITIONS

  • 31/03/2022
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Giới thiệu

PURPOSE – THIS CHAPTER EXPLORES THE INFLUENCES OF VIETNAMESE CULTURE COUPLED WITH NATIONAL POLICIES ON GENDER EQUALITY ON ACADEMIC WOMEN’S ADVANCEMENT INTO SENIOR LEADERSHIP POSITIONS. METHODOLOGY/APPROACH – IN-DEPTH INTERVIEWS WITH 20 MID-LEVEL WOMEN LEADERS AND FIVE TOP-LEVEL LEADERS WERE CONDUCTED AT FOUR DIFFERENT HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN THE MEKONG DELTA (MD) IN SOUTHERN VIETNAM. IN ADDITION, DOCUMENT ANALYSIS AND PARTICIPANT OBSERVATIONS CONTRIBUTED TO THE OVERALL ANALYSIS, WHICH ALLOWED FOR THE CROSS-CHECK OF DATA FROM MULTIPLE SOURCES TO INVESTIGATE THE PARTICIPANTS’ UNDERSTANDING, PERCEPTION, CONCEPTUALIZATION, AND INTERPRETATION OF THEIR EXPERIENCES OF ADVANCING IN THEIR CAREERS. FINDINGS – FINDINGS SHOW THAT THERE IS A LARGE GAP BETWEEN THE POLICIES AND GENDER PRACTICES. GENDER EQUALITY DOES NOT EXIST IN REALITY, REGARDLESS OF TREMENDOUS EFFORTS FROM THE VIETNAMESE GOVERNMENT AND POLICY MAKERS TO ENSURE IT IN ALL SPHERES OF LIFE. ADDITIONALLY, PATRIARCHAL HIERARCHY REMAINS DOMINANT IN THE INSTITUTIONAL ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM, AND VIETNAMESE CONFUCIAN IDEOLOGY CONTINUES TO CONFINE AND ADVERSELY AFFECT BOTH MEN’S AND WOMEN’S PERCEPTIONS OF WOMEN’S SOCIAL ROLES, STATUS, AND FORMS OF SOCIAL PARTICIPATION. NEVERTHELESS, ACADEMIC WOMEN STILL DEVELOP PROFESSIONALLY AND FIND THEIR OWN WAYS TO ADVANCE TO A FEW KEY LEADERSHIP POSITIONS AT THEIR INSTITUTIONS. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS – THE SAMPLE OF THIS STUDY IS LIMITED TO ACADEMIC WOMEN IN THE MD IN VIETNAM. FUTURE RESEARCH SHOULD INCLUDE MORE WOMEN AND UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES, FROM NOT ONLY THE SOUTHERN PART BUT ALSO OTHER REGIONS OF VIETNAM. FURTHER, INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES SHOULD BE CONDUCTED TO SEE DIFFERENCES IN EXPERIENCES OF ACADEMIC WOMEN FROM SEVERAL SOUTHEAST ASIAN COUNTRIES AS THEY MOVE UP THEIR CAREER LADDER. ORIGINALITY/VALUE – BECAUSE THERE HAVE NOT BEEN ANY EMPIRICAL STUDIES ABOUT WOMEN AND LEADERSHIP IN ACADEMIA IN THE MD, THIS STUDY SERVES AS A RESOURCE AND FOUNDATION FOR IMPROVING GENDER POLICIES AND PRACTICES AS WELL AS FUTURE RESEARCH ON THIS TOPIC AND GENDER ISSUES OF COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN VIETNAM. COPYRIGHT 2017 BY EMERALD PUBLISHING LIMITED.

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