Most australian universities have among their goals to increase the number of aboriginal and torres strait islander students at their institutions. In the australian higher education context, aboriginal and torres strait islander students are seriously under-represented, particularly in business education compared to other disciplines. An understanding of why a larger proportion of aboriginal and torres strait islander students do not choose to study a discipline that provides promising employment opportunities, is fundamental to improving the status quo. This paper reviews the literature to identify key barriers to aboriginal and torres strait islander students participation and engagement in business education. Apart from multiple general barriers to participation in higher education, factors specific to business as a profession and as an academic discipline are also considered. The paper then discusses a number of strategies australian educational institutions could pursue when seeking to increase participation and engagement of aboriginal and torres strait islander students in business. Drawing on the review, the paper concludes with recommendations for higher education institutional policy to further improve aboriginal and torres strait islander student participation and engagement in business studies. 2015 Association for tertiary education management and the lh martin institute for tertiary education leadership and management.