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  • Implementing Education System Reform: Local Adaptation in School Reform of Teaching and Learning

Implementing Education System Reform: Local Adaptation in School Reform of Teaching and Learning

  • 08/08/2021
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This paper has two purposes: first, to investigate centre- periphery, and within-school relationships and processes by which vietnam schools undertake system reform implementation; second, to develop the explanatory power and complementarity of two theories complex adaptive system theory and loose-tight coupling. Main findings – schools internal enablers driving reforms were shaped by external enablers; a plethora of internal enablers then worked in concert to implement the intended reforms (eg. The take-up of student-centred teaching and learning); in the local adaptation process, school culture and professional development were pre-eminent. Conclusions complex adaptive system theory was validated in how vietnam schools locally adapted policy. 2020 Elsevier ltd

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