Despite india’s substantial investments in primary schooling, gaps in schooling persist across gender and caste-with scheduled caste and scheduled tribe (sc/st) girls being particularly disadvantaged. The representation of sc/st women in state legislatures may help to mitigate this disadvantage. Specifically, because of her intersecting gender and caste/tribe identities, a sc/st woman legislator might maintain a strong sense of solidarity especially with sc/st girls and women, and support legislative policies benefitting sc/st girls. Consequently, for this reason, we expect that living in a district where sc/st women represent in state legislatures in a higher proportion may increase sc/st girls’ primary school completion, progression and performance. We tested this hypothesis using district-level data between 2000 and 2004 from the indian election commission, the 2004/5 india human development survey, and the indian census of 2001. As expected, the representation of sc/st women in state legislatures was positively associated with sc/st girls’ grade completion and age-appropriate grade progression but was apparent not sc/st girls’ primary-school performance. Sc/st women’s representation in state legislatures may reduce gender-caste gaps in primary-school attainment in india. 2016 .