Group work has been increasingly encouraged and applied in vietnamese universities. However, very little has been known about how vietnamese university students work in a group and what the conditions are that help establish an effective group. This study attempted to redress this gap. The research applied bourdieus social field theory to examine experiences of vietnamese students in groups. It specifically explored vietnamese students perceptions of interactions with cultural and linguistic others and how their interactions were constrained and enabled by personal and contextual factors. Employing a qualitative research methodology, the study revealed that student interactions were strongly influenced by the rules set-up in the field, possessing capital resources valued in the field and disposition towards working with other cultures. 2017 Herdsa.