To understand the context of urban historically black colleges and universities (hbcus) and their role in educating black males, we conducted a literature review examining the academic contributions of these institutions to black males. To bolster the literature, we examined integrated postsecondary education data system data, determining a set of urban hbcus based on urban areas as defined by the u.S. Department of education in 2012. We explored success among black males, including retention, graduation, and major selection. We then presented several institutions as case studies of urban hbcus and examined programs and services that encourage student success among black males. 2015, The author(s) 2015.