Seventeen sustainable development goals (sdg) by the united nations in its 2030 agenda have been nationalized and implemented in vietnam. One of the country’s priorities is making educational provision accessible to all of its residents, especially for marginalized groups, while enforcing their human rights. In this context, this article examines the implementation of sdg4 (quality education) in combination with the practice of human rights for ethnic minorities in vietnam. With access to jurisprudence, this research provides a detailed assessment of the compatibility between sdg targets and the legal rights to education of ethnic minorities. Additionally, this research employs an exploratory method to investigate the four major conditions for the implementation of quality education for ethnic minorities, namely legal-political, economic, socio-cultural factors, and participation pride. We also investigate three main barriers that hinder sdg4 implementation and human rights practices, namely child labor, language, and gender inequality. The contribution of this study is necessary for establishing more informed strategies and policies towards sustainable development in education for multi-ethnic countries. 2020 By the authors.