A DYNAMIC USAGE-BASED APPROACH TO COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING

  • 31/03/2022
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Giới thiệu

A DYNAMIC USAGE-BASED (DUB) APPROACH TO SECOND LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT HOLDS THAT LANGUAGE LEARNING IS A DYNAMIC PROCESS IN WHICH ALL RELEVANT FACTORS TO LANGUAGE LEARNING DYNAMICALLY INTERACT OVER TIME. IT ALSO HOLDS THAT MEANING IS CENTRAL, THAT LEXICON AND GRAMMAR FORM A CONTINUUM, AND THAT GRAMMAR SUBSERVES MEANING. MOREOVER, LANGACKER (2008: 81) POINTS OUT THAT MASTERING A LANGUAGE REQUIRES THE SPECIFIC, USAGE-BASED LEARNING OF A VAST ARRAY OF CONVENTIONAL UNITS, WHICH CALLS FOR FREQUENT EXPOSURE TO SUCH UNITS. IDEALLY THIS EXPOSURE SHOULD OCCUR IN MEANINGFUL CONTEXT EXCHANGES, APPROXIMATING SOCIALLY AND CULTURALLY NORMAL USAGE EVENTS. WITH THESE DUB PRINCIPLES IN MIND, WE DEVELOPED A COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING PROGRAMME FOR VIETNAMESE LEARNERS OF ENGLISH AT UNIVERSITY BASED ON A POPULAR MOVIE AND TESTED IT IN A SEMESTER-LONG EXPERIMENT. THE RESULTS SHOW THAT THE STUDENTS IN THE DUB CONDITION OUTPERFORMED THE STUDENTS IN THE CONTROL CONDITION SIGNIFICANTLY IN PROFICICIENCY GAIN SCORES. (150) 2013 WALTER DE GRUYTER GMBH, BERLIN/BOSTON.

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